Real Estate in Peoria, IL

Peoria (named after the Peoria tribe) is the largest city on the Illinois River as well as the county seat of Peoria County, Illinois, in the United States . As of the 2000 census, the city was the 5th -largest in Illinois, with a population of 112,936; by 2007 it was the 6th -largest city and had population of 113,546. The Peoria Metropolitan Statistical Area had a population of 372,487 in 2008, making it the 3rd largest metropolitan area in the state after the Chicago metropolitan area and the Metro-East portion of the St. Louis metropolitan area.

Peoria has become famous as a representation of the average American city because of its demographics and its perceived mainstream Midwestern culture. On the Vaudeville circuit, it was said that if an act would succeed in Peoria, it would work anywhere. The question “Will it play in Peoria?” has now become a metaphor for whether something appeals to the American mainstream public.

Peoria is the home of Ray LaHood, now serving as Secretary of Transportation in President Obama’s cabinet. It is also headquarters for Caterpillar Inc., one of the 30 companies making up the Dow Jones Industrial Average.

Peoria is one of the oldest settlements in Illinois, as explorers first ventured up the Illinois River from the Mississippi. The lands that eventually would become Peoria were first settled in 1680, when French explorers Sieur de La Salle, Rene-Robert Cavelier and Henri de Tonti constructed Fort Crevecoeur. This fort would later burn to the ground, and in 1813 Fort Clark, Illinois was constructed . When the County of Peoria was organized in 1825, Fort Clark was officially named Peoria.

Peoria, Arizona, a suburb of Phoenix, was named after Peoria, Illinois because the two men that founded it in 1890 — Deloss S. Brown and Joseph B. Greenhut — wished to name it after their hometown.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has acomplete area of 46.6 square miles (120.7 km2). Land comprises 44.4 square miles (115.0 km2) of the area, and 2.2 square miles (5.7 km2) (4.78%) is water.

Peoria is bounded on the east by the Illinois River except for the enclave of Peoria Heights, which also borders the river. Four bridges run directly between the city and neighboring East Peoria. On the south end of Peoria’s western border are Bartonville and the newly established city of West Peoria. Local municipal plans indicate that the city determines to continue its expansion northwest, into an area unofficially considered part of Dunlap, Illinois.


Peoria has a humid continental climate (Koeppen Dfa), with cold, snowy winters, and hot, humid summers. The average high throughout the year ranges from 30 °F (−1.1 °C) to 86 °F (30 °C). snow is common in the winter, averaging 26.3 inches (67 cm), but this figure goes up and down considerably for different years. Rainfall , averaging at 36.0 inches (914 mm), peaks in the summer and spring , and is the lowest in winter. Extremes have ranged from −27 °F (−33 °C) in January 1884 to 113 °F (45 °C) in July 1936.

Free Relocation Packages for Peoria, IL

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